European Journal of Charles K. Landis

Founder of Vineland

July 18, 1874

Mr. Wellstood called at 9.30 o'clock. Went to my tailor's and ordered half a dozen flannel shirts, and the same of drawers. Called on Mr. Oliver and introduced Mr. Wellstood to him as a person who had been to Vineland. Bought a trunk, a good one with straps and name lettered upon both ends of it, 45 shillings.

Visited the courts in company with Mr. Wellstood, and the council chamber, of which he is a member. Saw the manuscript of Waverly. Visited the Edinburgh Castle again. I saw the room in which James I was born, and the window from which he was lowered. Visited the school founded by George Heriot. This was the best, the greatest and noblest thing I had yet seen. Heriot was Jeweler to James I and left 20,000 pounds to found a hospital where poor children were to be educated. One of the noblest buildings of Edinburgh was built 250 years ago, out of the interest of this fund. Money was also invested in land in the city of Edinburgh which has increased fabulously in value, and by which they have built fourteen branch schools for primary education. Was shown letters of James I, his Queen Ann, and George Heriot. Also the loving cup used by George Heriot and was given some wine to drink out of it. Dr., the manager of the institution, was very polite. Mr. Wellstood was one of the governors by virtue of being common councilman. Dined with Mr. Wellstood and then left at 5 o 'clock in company with him for Melrose. Stopped at the Waverly Hydropathin hotel, about one mile from Melrose. It is a fine concrete building in a beautiful situation with laid out grounds. Found the people enjoying themselves playing bowls. Had supper and went to bed at ten o 'clock. Supped too late for undisturbed sleep.

July 19, 1874

Attended morning prayer in the parlor; was impressed with the solemnity. Drove to Melrose Abbey. It is an impressive ruin, more so no doubt by night than by day, as the village is built up around it. It was associated with so much of my early reading that my interest in it was intense. Drove to near Jedburgh. Had a fine view of it from a neighboring hill. Passed by a camp of vagabonds who had been following up a fair. Threw one of the old women a shilling. They were closely watched by police officers. Returned to the hotel and dined. Impressed with the good behavior of all the boarders. Politeness universal.

In the afternoon visited the sculptor of the place, And. Currie. He is a genius and has erected a statue of Old Mortality and Eddie Ochiltree on the Scott monument, Edinburgh. He is poor and has never been abroad, as he said he could not spare the money from the children. We saw several of them, fine girls. One of them is going to marry a young painter. The mother showed us some of the pictures of the young painter. They were really excellent. The Scotch have ail the fire of genius. The whole world has had the benefit of it.

At six left the hotel for Edinburgh. This hotel is a stock company concern and pays ten per cent. This also shows that they can get honest managers. At the hotel met a German traveller. Walked out with him, and upon return went to bed.

July 20, 1874

Found that I had left an undershirt at Melrose. Will write to have it sent to London. Went with a carriage to the house of Mr. Wellstood to take his wife and sister to Rosslyn. His wife could not go, his sister, Mrs. Ford, of Hamburg, could go. Met there a Mr. and Syker whose brother had bought 50 acres near Landisville. He expected to leave for Vineland next week. Drove to Dalkeith, the seat of the Duke of Buccleugh. Went through the grounds and house. It is an old and beautiful place, 1200 acres in the grounds immediately around the house and walled in. They are kept in perfect order and stocked with deer. The house is large and handsome, several hundred years old, and fitted with family and other pictures and articles of virtue. They were of great interest, such as cannot be found out of such places. Walked to Hawthornden Glen, a wonderfully romantic walk along the river Esk; creek as we would call it. Halfway down we came to Drummond Castle, a very old place, part ruin and part modern. Lady Drummond and her son were walking in the grounds. Were taken by an old woman and shown the caves in a high rock, but under the castle, that were occupied by Robert Bruce and William Wallace. Their sleeping apartment and library where the shelves or niches for books were carved of the solid rock. Also the enormous sword of Robert Bruce. There was subterranean passage from the well in this cave all the way to Rosslyn Castle, worked through the solid rock. Drummond Castle is perched upon a crag commanding a beautiful view of the glen. It has been in the Ment family for hundreds of years. Walked down this romantic glen to Rosslyn Castle, a large ruin. Went through it, and from there to the beautiful Rosslyn Chapel, built 450 years ago. It is also the sepulcher of the Earl of Rosslyn. This is one of the most interesting and beautiful little chapels I had ever seen. The designs had all come from Italy. Glorious Italy! Blot out thy works and the beauty of the world would be gone.

Returned to Mr. Wellstood's to tea. Met some Scotchmen there who tried to give me a little dig as an American Republican visiting the old castles. I returned it. Returned to the hotel, and on my way met a Mr. Faxon, a fellow passenger in the Cuba. He had been sick with a bad cold. I have a cold all the while in this climate. Will get back to the Continent to get cured. Retired early in order to make an early start for Inverness. Tried to hire a vehicle to go as far as Perth, but they want five pounds. Did not feel that I could afford it.

(CONTINUED)