Journal of Charles K. Landis
Founder of Vineland
Friday, May 15, 1868
Weather cloudy. Mr. Burk breakfasted with me, went to the office and attended to business. Sent Wood a check for his quarterly payment. Business is dull and money comes in more slowly than ever before. I begin to fear that I will not collect enough to meet my payments. I have an immense surplus coming to me, but people do not pay up. When I have my new house open, I think I may then make more sales.
John G. Stevens, General Sewell and Mr. Allen, the engineer, called. Drove them around Vineland. Said very little about the squares. They left in the course of an hour for Cape May. They appear inclined to accommodate us in getting our crop off this year.
I told Mr. Burk to-day that I would allow him to occupy the other house free, now rented to Col. Alexander for $150 a year. I wish to get Burk firmly located and near to me.
In the afternoon mother sent down a cook. This was very welcome as we have had none for some time and I have been upon short allowance. Dr. McClintock called in the evening and we talked until 10% o'clock, had a lively time. My health is much improved. Retired at 10y2 o'clock. Mr. Burk slept in my house.
Saturday, May 16, 1868.
Rose at 6 o'clock. Weather cloudy. Have ordered some ornamental work in front of the hotel property, and it is being done. It will greatly improve the appearance of the property. Drove out with Charles P. Davis to show him some of the improvements since he has been away. Sold four acres of land to Mr. Garrison on the Malaga Road. Mr. Burk went to the city in the afternoon. Mother and Tillie returned in the afternoon train.
Today one of my clerks (Brewster) whilst going to Millville to make a deposit was run away with by one of my horses, and had his elbow dislocated. It was set in place upon his return and he did not appear to mind it. He showed a great deal of pluck in this matter. After the runaway he went to Millville and made his deposit.
The country is in great excitement over the failure to impeach the President. The Republicans think that it will do them great injury in the election of this fall for President. I think differently. It might be looked upon by many as the act of a strong majority and an advantage taken. The Republicans will gain by this failure to convict and the Democrats continue to have Johnson to carry, and he is a heavy load. Johnson deserved to be impeached and yet he has been an instrument in the hands of Providence. He has been the evil genius of the South. Had it not been for him they would have been admitted upon the first constitutional amendment proposed, and experience has taught us that they were not in a condition to be admitted. Under the first amendment the old treason element would have been sent to Congress, and they would have affiliated with their own kind from the North, and there are some, and the country might have been precipitated into another revolution. As it is, the power in the South has been thrown into the hands of the Unionists. Thank God.
In the evening walked out with my sister and called upon Mrs. Mabbett, the lady who is president of the Floral Society. She and her husband have a well kept and beautiful place. This lady is bringing the Floral Society up to be one of the first institutions of Vineland. Retired at 9 o'clock.
Sunday, May 17, 1868
Rose at 6 1/2 o'clock. After breakfast wrote a political article for the papers entitled "Our Party and Country" embracing some of the preceding views. Called at the house of Edwards, my clerk, to get him to copy it in order to send it off by the next mail. He was not out of bed, but I left it for him.
Called on Dr. McClintock. Found a lady member of his family present. Dined at home. In the afternoon drove up to Mr. Willson's, took tea and spent the evening there. Had a pleasant evening. Returned at 9 o'clock and retired at 10 o'clock. It has rained all day.
Monday, May 18, 1868
Weather comparatively clear. Rose about 6 o'clock. Passed a bad night. Could not sleep. Prepared to go to Camden to hear about testimony in the Grigg lawsuit. Saw a number of strangers around my office. Concluded that I must do better attending to my business than the lawsuit, and decided to remain in Vineland and leave my case to my attorney and Mr. Burk who were in Camden. Saw strangers in the morning. I think that several will buy. Made arrangements about passing some deeds. Mr. Burk returned in the afternoon. Said that the socalled Dr. Cook (he is no doctor but assumed the title) had been to Camden and testified that my agreement stipulations had been an injury to Vineland, and were designed to take advantage of people. He was then asked whether he was friendly to me. He replied no. This will take the weight from his testimony. What devilish malice this thing shows. I think this fellow a little insane, but his insanity is by no means harmless.
Walked out after tea with my sister. Upon my return I went immediately to bed. I have been very ill all day. Retired at 8 o'clock.
Tuesday, May 19, 1868
Rose at 6 o'clock. Weather cloudy. Sold a second-hand place, the McMahon property, to one of the strangers I saw yesterday for $5,500. This was the residence of the lamented poetess, Mrs. Spaulding. I had published her book at considerable loss. The poor woman died one month before her book came out. Her life was a continued series of misfortunes.
In the afternoon drove out with Johnson the photographer to show him views around Vineland. Expected Mrs. Franklin down upon the business of my hotel. I now expect her on Wednesday. I hope that there will be no disappointment. Mr. Burk returned from the East before he had secured a lot of Shaker Hood material. Now that the fellow has secured it, he refuses to pay within $200 what he agreed to. What cheats there are in business! How men can degrade themselves for a small sum. The amount is too small for me to go to the expense of a law suit at so great a distance. In the evening Dr. McClintock called and had a long conversation with me about his reverses, and how illy people have treated him since they think that he has no large fortune. God protect me from the heartlessness of the world. Retired at HY2 o'clock.
Wednesday, May 20, 1868
Rose at 6 o t clock. Weather cloudy, raining alternatively. Telegraphed to Mrs. Franklin, received an answer that her goods were on the way and that she would be down tomorrow. Received a number of visitors. A lawyer of Philadelphia of the name of Lawrence, whom I used to know, came down and was much pleased.
Attended with my sister the reception of Frank Crocker and Miss Wooding who were married today. It was a very fashionable and beautiful reception.
Wrote to Col. Alexander to vacate the cottage I rented to him, I intend to give the use of it to Mr. Burk. I have been paying considerable on account of incumberances against me. I have paid $10,000 since the first of June. Retired at 10 o'clock.
Thursday, May 22, 1868
Rose at 6 o'clock. Attended to general business. Nothing of importance. Received a letter from Dr. McClintock tha Mrs. Franklin would be down Friday evening. Have felt nervously exhausted all day. Took a warm bath in the evening and retired at 8V2 o'clock. Weather all day clear and windy, cool. This is a very backward spring. Friday, May 23, 1868
Rose at 6 o'clock. Weather clear. Remained in the office all day. In the afternoon Miss Carrie Wilson called and remained to tea. Drove her home early in the evening. Have felt unwell all day as tho' 1 had lost sleep. I suppose nervous exhaustion. Retired at W2 o'clock. Saturday, May 24, 1868
Rose at 6 1/2 o'clock. Raining hard all day.
Mrs. Franklin came down today with several servants. Had several distinguished visitors today. In conversation with visitors today I find that Vineland has a miraculous effect in curing chronic disease. What can be the cause of it. Hearing that Dr. McClintock was indisposed I called upon him in the evening. He is getting better. Met Miss Murdock who is stopping at his house. She is the daughter of the actor. Returned at 9 1/2 o'clock. Finished reading "David Copperfield." My business has lately engrossed my mind far too much to the exclusion of my French lessons and general reading.
Sunday, May 25, 1868
Rose at 6 1/2 o'clock. Weather cloudy. Wrote an article for the "Weekly." Walked out and called on Dr. McClintock who is getting better. Drove out with my sister. In the evening went to the Methodist Church and listened to a dull sermon. Retired at 10 o'clock.
Monday, May 26, 1868
Rose at 6 a. m. Ordinary business. Went to the City in the afternoon. Stopped at the Continental Hotel. Passed a quiet evening. Weather clear.