Journal of Charles K. Landis
Founder of Vineland
Saturday, May 2, 1868
Rose at 6 1/2 oclock. Weather cloudy and sunshine. Rode out with Capt. Wilson to Mr. Hobart's brickyard. These bricks are now meeting with favor. Work about the yard looks more practical and ship shape. When I returned Mr. Pond called and bought the four lots I showed him yesterday.
Rode out on horseback in the afternoon with Mr. Edwards, a gentleman whom I have engaged to do some writing in the office. He is from Wales and a clergyman of the Church of England, but writing a pamphlet and dissenting from some of the peculiar tenets of the church, I believe that he was turned out. I have sent him to report upon some different manufacturers of Vineland, and he makes good reports beside being prompt. He is a very intelligent person.
Upon my return from the ride I found Mr. Townsend of Dennisville, one of the "railroad men." He came ostensibly to pay me a friendly visit. On the drive he asked me about the public squares. I explained matters to him the same as I explained them to the others, but told him in addition that I had decided to charge the full value of the right of way through Vineland. I find that the Company is playing a selfish policy, and I have decided to have all I am entitled to receive. He also asked about the N. Y. R. R., and I gave him an encouraging account. Mr. Townsend is a clever, unassuming old gentleman. He left in the evening train.
In the evening it rained. Was told by my father that
refused to settle with a man. I wrote a line ordering him to settle, and requesting him to resign in case he thought he had too much to do. I have half a mind to discharge him. I am afraid that people suffer a good deal of impertinence in my absence from some of the clerks. They get incomprehensibly grand. Nothing disgusts me so much as such conduct. Retired at 9 oclock.
Sunday, May 3, 1868
Weather cloudy. Rose at 6 1/2 o'clock. Lounged about in the morning. Called on Dr. McClintock and drove out with him and his son upon a short drive. The Doctor is much more engaged than formerly about his brick manufacture.
After lunch called on Mr. Gwynneth. I walked around his place. Called on Mr. Mason who bought the place formerly owned by Capt. Swain. Took supper or late dinner with Mr. Gwynneth. Had a regular New England dinner, pork and beans.
Returned home and went to the Unitarian Church. Heard good music and listened to a poor sermon by some stranger. I went to hear Mr. Clute and was disappointed. Before returning home took a short walk in the moonlight. During my walk got to reflecting about the various difficulties that I had to contend with in founding the colony of Vineland. After mature deliberation, I have concluded that the material difficulties that I had to overcome were the least. I could always do this; but the great and serious difficulty was that arising in the envy, hatred and malice so natural to a large part of mankind. I think that this is the spirit of the devil that walks abroad. It is this spirit of detraction waged against the spirit of good. Were it not for this, the world might be a paradise. All men have had to contend against this spirit, no matter how exalted their work. It was this spirit that banished Aristides, that murdered Socrates, against which Christ declaimed. It was this spirit that arrayed itself against Columbus upon the broad ocean, and which he had to deceive by art. This spirit gave Washington more trouble than the British. By looking back I find that greater and more distinguished men than myself have had to contend with it. I have succeeded thus far by opposing to it art and secrecy. I never allow my plans to be known, even to my friends. For the past year, however, it has been rampant and done much damage. Retired at 10 o'clock.
Monday, May 4, 1868
Rose at 6 1/2 oclock. Attended to business in the office. Mr. Burk returned from the East. I was glad to see him back. I need him. He had to return to the city, however, in the afternoon. Sent my father to Philadelphia to make Bank deposit.
In the afternoon Dr. McClintock called upon me. Drove out with him for some ten or fifteen miles around Vineland. Crops look very well. The people are very actively at work.
Returned and wrote a number of letters. Wrote several articles for the "Weekly." Have had Mr. Edwards preparing report of manufacturing industries of Vineland. So far as my own efforts are connected with Vineland up to this time, the "Weekly" is historical. I write for it articles upon agriculture, fruit growing, public ornamentation, development of public industries, in short, it is made a vehicle through which I reach the people. In this way I have found it of great service. The article I lately wrote upon the economical principles of Vineland is attracting considerable attention. Retired at 10 o'clock.
May 5, 1868
Neglected to write this Journal up. Attended to business. Prepared a number of reports about manufactures in Vineland, and arranged to have letters from settlers appearing in the paper. I think this very important. Retired at 9 1/2 oclock. Wednesday, May 6, 1868
Weather cloudy all day. Rose at 6 1/2 o'clock. Went to office and wrote several articles for papers. Conversed with some fruit dealers from New York. I am anxious that good arrangements may be made to market the fruit. Wrote several articles for the "Weekly."
In the afternoon came up to the City for the purpose of attending an evening company, family party with my mother and sister at the house of Mr. Michael Bouvier, North Broad Street. Coming over in the boat met John G. Stevens. He professes a great desire to accommodate Vineland. We will see. Talked also about improving marl in order to make it more of an article of commerce. He appears to take very much with the idea.
Got carriage and called for my mother and sister at 7 1/2 o'clock. Mother looks much improved by her sojourn in the city. The change has been beneficial to her. Arrived at the magnificent home of the Bouviers in due time. They live in palatial style. Mother was bridesmaid to Mrs. Bouvier at her marriage. Mrs. Bouvier has a large family, several sons and six or eight daughters. They are all highly educated and intelligent. Mrs. Bouvier and daughter were down to see us last autumn. The old gentleman talked about fifty years ago, when he first knew my mother. He is in ill health, I fear not very long for this world. We had a delightful evening. I left at 11 o'clock. Returned to the hotel and at once retired.
May 7, 1868
Rose at 7 o'clock. Bought some flowers. Called on mother and Tillie. They were both well. Called on Walter Freeman, freight agent for Camden & Amboy R. R. He told me that arrangements had been made for the Amboy boat to reach New York two hours earlier in order to accomodate the Vineland fruit. This was very satisfactory. Left Philadelphia in the afternoon for Vineland. Reached home. Mr. Fry not around. Retired at 9 1/2 o'clock. Mr. Burk taken sick. May 8, 1868
Rose at 7 o'clock. Weather clear and cool. Called on Mr. Burk. He is getting better. Glad of it. Sent him some currant jelly and his breakfast. Went to office and wrote letters. In the afternoon my father left for the city where he will probably remain. In the evening called on Mr. Burk, whom I found sitting up. Also called on a Mrs. Clark, who left her card. She is visiting the place. Mrs. Wood called upon me and brought a parcel of crochet work for mother. Also told me that she had had a vision that I was to be very ill. An agreeable vision, surely. Mr. R. J. Andrews called and talked until 11 o'clock over Seminary and Vineland R, R., affairs. Slept in my house alone. Received a letter from Haydenville stating some difficulty about Shaker hood goods. Retired at 11 1/2 o'clock.
Saturday, May 9, 1868
Rose at 6 1/2 oclock. Was waited upon by Mr. Ewart and Try on about church affairs. Declined to take any part. There is a difficulty with the pastor. These two gentlemen are both good men, and will bring matters around all right. The pastor of this church (the Episcopal) has been away all winter.
Walked out and showed a Dr. Wilson some town lots. He has a project of starting a health infirmary, This would be a good thing for Vineland, and a good thing for him.
Attended to business all day in the office. Rode out on horseback to engage Farrand, a surveyor, to come and work for me a few days. Tillie came down in the afternoon train.
Loaned an odd genius by the name of Hughes some money to buy some night soil. He goes about dirty and ragged. Is a young man, a graduate of a college in Ireland, a fine musician and composer, and yet a sort of good-for-nothing. He is certainly a strange compound. Retired at 10 o'clock.